# How to Teach the English Alphabet Sequence to the Young Kids

## Introduction

Unlike Kannada where students have to learn 50 letters, English has only half the number or 26 letters. Since it is a new language and children have to understand it well, this takes a whole year to teach the 26 alphabets. Like Kannada Nali Kali, we introduce the alphabet in a sequence that allows children to combine them to form simple words. These letters are not, therefore, not introduced in the alphabetic sequence.

**{tocify} $title={Table of Contents}**

Letter Chart |

**The First Milestone; Alphabet Sequence Has Two Objectives:**

## Teaching the Alphabet Sequence:

### The Procedure of Teaching the Alphabet Sequence:

**Materials Required:**

- 4-5 sets of Letter Cards with capital and small letters on either side of the card.

- Letter Chart

**Step 1:**

- Take the students outside the class. Inform them that there is an alphabet rhyme that they can learn. This will help them to remember the order of the alphabet.

- Recite the rhyme and at the same time put a finger against each line as you say the rhyme.

- Repeat the rhyme until all students can say it.

**Step 2:**

- Begin with ABCD ask what the first four letters are. Make the students say ABCD and place the cards.

- Ask the students the next 3 letters. Make the students say EFG. Let the students place the cards EFG. They then read the entire sequence ABCD EFG

- Continue the process with HIJK. Let the students place the cards and read the sequence- ABCD EFG HIJK.

- Introduce LMNOP. Repeat the process as above. ABCD EFG HIJK LMNOP

- Introduce QRS TUV. Let the students say ABCD EFG HIJK LMNOP QRS TUV

- Introduce W, X. Y and Z. Let the students say ABCD EFG HIJK LMNOP QRS TUV W, X, Y and Z.

**Step 3:**

- Students work in groups of 3 or 4.

- Each group is given a set of 26 cards and students make the alphabet sequence.

- Next, give the group a complete set of 160 cards and then each student selects the alphabet and creates an alphabet train.

- If time permits, repeat the activity. Ask students to pick up the 26 letters first and then ask them to arrange them like a train.

## Teaching the Vowels and Consonants:

**Teaching the Vowels and consonants has three aims:**

### Vowels' Activity:

**a, e, i, o and u.**Then they are told that these are vowels. Following this, they are taught that vowels help in word-formation but words cannot be formed with vowels alone, They are also told that in Kannada, the vowels are known as "

*swaras"*.

### Consonants' Activity:

- Ask students to recall the number of letters in English. They will say 26. Ask them to say the vowels. They will say a, e, i, o, u.

- Now tell them that the remaining 21 letters are consonants similar to
*"vyanjanas"*in Kannada.

- Explain to students that all words are a combination of vowels and consonants.

- Ask each student to say and write (in the workbook) any ten words they have learnt

- Let them circle the consonants in these words.

### Fill in the Missing Vowels and Consonants:

Fill in the blanks$ads={2} |

## Summary:

- To teach the alphabet sequence to the children
- To break the alphabet sequence into vowels and consonants

- Helping children to understand that the 26 alphabets consist of 21 consonants and 5 vowels
- Helping students understand that words are formed by joining vowels and consonants.

**Download the Module:**The Alphabet - Vowels and Consonants

Credits:Samagra Shikshana Karnataka and UNICEF{alertInfo}

## Post a Comment

## 0 Comments